Irobi, O. N., Daramola, S. O .. "Bactericidal Properties of Crude Etracts from Mitracarpus villosus", Camacho, J. , ... Calixto, C. , ... De Jesus, R. , ... Jormay, W. , ... Ruñez, M. , ... Villanueva, J. , ... & (2012).The effect of, Camacho, Joanne Cinderella Calixto,Rener De Jesus,Windelbert Jormay,Ma. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). As the USDA reports: “ (cogongrass) leaf margins are rough to the touch due to tiny, saw-like serrations, a common trait of other grasses as well. Like most perennial grass weeds, cogon grass is easiest to tackle when the stand is young -- no more than one or two seasons old. In this study, it was the process of making paper from rice straw and cogon grass. Leaf margins are finely toothed and are embedded with silica crystals. It’s classified as a noxious weed in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia, where it is widely believed to be impossible to eradicate. The Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce has assembled a task force of scientists, educators, government officials and agricultural leaders to recommend a comprehensive survey and control program for cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) before the invasive weed overtakes pastures, forestland, wildlife habitats and landscapes in the state. Listed as one of the world's ten worst weeds, cogongrass is an invasive perennial grass. In its ornamental form it poses little threat to native flora, but it can easily become invasive if given the right conditions (excessive shade, water, well-drained soil). Agriculture residues or non-wood annual plants are good potential fibre resource for pulp and paper making. “The findings provide a ray of hope for actually eradicating cogongrass,” says Miller. In fact, at least 60% of the total plant biomass is often found below the soil surface. Thanks to people like you who do it, they can create the map below, accurate down to … The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. It is very invasive plant that should not be propagated. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. (1840) Imperata angolensis Fritsch (1901) Imperata arundinacea Cyr. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. For the USA, simply head over to the EDDMapS website, create a login, and report the grass. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that grows from 2 to over 4 feet in height. Native to Southeast Asia, cogongrass is an aggressive invasive plant that that has spread to all continents except Antarctica (MacDonald 2004) and is considered among the worst problematic weeds on a global scale (Holm et al. The result of the computed t-test for paired samples showed that there was a significant difference between the blood glucose level of the Swiss mice before and after treatment. Cogongrass is an invasive species commonly found in pastures that is not going to go away on its own. Source: USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org Description. Cogon grass can be tough to kill. They may alter the food chain and/or push their native competitors out of the area. The study aims to identify the effect of Imperata cylindrica (cogon grass) root extracts on blood glucose level. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. The effect of the extract (0.1cc, 0.2cc, 0.3cc) was given subcutaneously and noted for 24 hours. In the United States, it is naturalized in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississip… The rhizomes are hard, scaly, and cream-colored with sharply pointed tips. 5. “Cogongrass rhizomes are exceptionally aggressive, strong, and resistant to heat and water stress, making the plant a formidable and frustrating opponent.”. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. "Fatima University Research Journal, … Camacho, Joanne Cinderella Calixto,Rener De Jesus,Windelbert Jormay,Ma. Many land managers actively and aggressively manage cogongrass and Auburn University researchers have been working on solutions for cogongrass for … Jacqueline Ruñez,Jayniffer Joy Villanueva, and Armand Torrente. UK-GrassBase-The Online World Grass Flora (IMCY) UK-Plants For A Future (IMCY) USDA APHIS-Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S. (IMCY) USDA FS Southern Research Station (IMCY) USDA FS-Field Guide To The Identification of Cogongrass (IMCY) … In this study, it refers to the capability of cogon grass to be used as a material for paper making. Flowers on the Forest Floor: Herbaceous Contributions to Ecosystem Processes. cogon grass; Other Scientific Names. In Florida alone, it has spread to more than a million acres. The seed head is … This rough margin can cut the tongue of a grazing animal, and due to high silica content, cogongrass is a useless forage crop.” There are acres and acres of invasive cogongrass across the South. The researchers refer to it as “Cogoflex,” a name derived from the combination of Cogon Grass & Hardieflex. The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. While it is not illegal to possess this plant in Texas, it should not be introduced into new water bodies and should be treated with herbicide when present. This effort confirms the hope that a weed that’s consumed millions of dollars in control efforts – and millions more in the economic and ecological consequences of cogongrass infestations – can indeed be eradicated in Georgia. Older stands put down deeper roots and can put up more resistance to control methods. Cogongrass is non-nativeto the United States. )is a warm-season perennial grass species found throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world (Hubbard 1944). Cogon grass paper-making requires soda ash to break down the fibers. “Land managers now have a clear option in fighting this noxious weed.”. Cogongrass is an invasive exotic grass found on public and private property, along roadways, in forests, and on farmland. It is a warm-season, perennial grass species with an extensive rhizome root system. Non-native plants threaten the native organisms in an area. Cryer, P. E. , Raju, B. . The study found that although responses of cogongrass to the treatments varied by location, 36 months after the initial treatment cogongrass shoot and rhizomes were completely eliminated and 100 percent visual control achieved at both locations using several combinations of herbicide treatments and timing. (1792) Imperata arundinacea var. This last fall, Auburn University researchers reported results that demonstrate, for the first time, that patches of cogongrass can be eliminated completely within three years — showing that eradication of the invasive plant is actually possible for many land managers. Cogon grass is a C4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). Cogongrass usually invades open areas like golf courses, roadsides, pastures, and natural areas where it displaces native plant species. British Medical Association A-Z family Health Encyclopedia Great Britain: 1999. (1802) Imperata allang Jungh. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from … For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. Imperata cylindrica Cogon grass Introduced through the Port of Mobile in 1912 as packing material used in shipping, this salt tolerant east Asian grass spreads rapidly in disturbed areas, and replaces native grasses and plants in habitats ranging from sand dunes to pine savannahs and swamps. Cogongrass currently occupies an estimated 66,000 forested acres in the U.S. South. Us Pharmacist. Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures Philadelphia: Saunders, (4), 4. The objective of this study is to determine the suitability of cogon grass as an alternative fibre for pulp and paper making by analysing its chemical and… Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. Ranked the seventh worst weed in the world, it grows on every continent except Antarctica and is particularly destructive to the ecological structure of forests and natural areas, where the weed can literally take over understories. . For more information, email Jim Miller at jamesmiller@fs.fed.us. What is Cogongrass? Group A that was given 0.11cc of the extract has an average increase of +21.2mg. For this reason as well, the cogon grass is unsuitable for the grazing animals. Invasive species commonly found in pastures that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the United.... Is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of world! 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