Alamo was developed in Texas. 0000062684 00000 n Switchgrass is a tall-growing, warm-season, perennial grass that is native to much of the United States including Virginia. 0000062707 00000 n 0000029014 00000 n 0000016892 00000 n 0000011244 00000 n ‘Alamo’ switchgrass was established from seed in outdoor lysimeters in May 1993 and grown under 22 or 112 kg N ha - 1, and under field capacity or water-deficit conditions until August 1994. 0000003054 00000 n Switchgrass, a warm season, vigorous perennial can be found growing throughout the United States. 0000093160 00000 n This is usually easier to achieve in no-tilled soil conditions. 0000097877 00000 n 0000031124 00000 n Alamo Switchgrass seeds are quite small with more than 400,000 seeds per pound. 0000038676 00000 n In Michigan, my best stands have been created using the switchgrass variety of Cave in Rock (CIR). This grass grows 3 to6 feet high, with large, vigorous rhizomes. 0000026588 00000 n Switchgrass grows naturally on prairies, open oak and pine woodlands, shores, riverbanks, and high brackish marshes along maritime forest ecotones. 0000089459 00000 n 0000074445 00000 n Soil samples were taken before fertilizer was applied in rate for ‘Alamo’ switchgrass managed for biomass pro the spring of 1994 and again in the spring of 1996. 0000033737 00000 n Switchgrass can be established on a 0000107610 00000 n こんにちは!フリーランスの桃太郎です。 jQueryにて要素の高さを設定したり、取得する為のメソッドとしてheightメソッドがあります。 この記事では ・「height()」とは? ・「height()」の使い方 という基礎的な内容から、 ・「height()」の設定 ・「height()」で複数要素を取得 Cattle love to eat switchgrass, so it's a great sustainable food source. 0000024712 00000 n Grows 3-6′ tall, with hollow stem growing in small to large clumps from many scaly creeping rhizomes. Frequent cutting below 8 in. 0000021500 00000 n It is worth noting that biomass yield of switchgrass Alamo could be negatively affected by water logging due to heavy precipitation in poorly drained fields [48,49]. Journal of Range Management, 37(5), 406-412. Lowland types can reach 8 to 10 feet tall, are very robust, and found in moister low areas with high fertility. Make sure the switchgrass has grow at least a foot high before you graze it, so the plant's roots don't get damaged. Consequently, lower switchgrass cutting heights (10 and 20 cm) may maximize short‐term 0000047493 00000 n 0000070784 00000 n This warm-season grass is an exceptional forage for pasture and hay for livestock. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. 0000009820 00000 n old ‘Alamo’ switchgrass stand to mowing and fertilization was evaluated to provide information needed for effective management of this variety. 0000008368 00000 n 0000033278 00000 n 0000005056 00000 n Most common varieties are Alamo and 0000031884 00000 n Switchgrass may be grazed to a height of six to eight inches after frost. 0000085674 00000 n 127 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<53238CEE5567614BAE3EE9FA3AFC0510><66A527CD4F0925479CF18A9B13091D63>]/Index[104 45]/Info 103 0 R/Length 111/Prev 249793/Root 105 0 R/Size 149/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream switchgrass to a height of 4 inches in May or 6 inches in June or July. 773 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 776 /H [ 2473 581 ] /L 771579 /E 126263 /N 7 /T 756000 >> endobj xref 773 99 0000000016 00000 n 0000021203 00000 n where total seasonal yield of ‘Alamo’ switchgrass decreased by more than 50% when harvest frequency increased from one to four cuts per year with switchgrass defoliated at 15-cm stubble height. reduced Alamo and Kanlow presence (P < 0.05) by the end of the 4-yr study period. 0000066512 00000 n 0000082426 00000 n Switchgrass is a perennial warm season grass that takes 3-5 years to fully establish. 0000102411 00000 n 0000038653 00000 n 0000082403 00000 n 0000006165 00000 n Switchgrass Stand Selection and Management Two established switchgrass stands were selected for har-vesting in this study: a stand of Alamo at the University of 0000044664 00000 n 0000006455 00000 n Publisher 0000012623 00000 n 0000018523 00000 n Beaty and Powell (1976of cv Leaving a residual stand height of at least 8 inches, and preferably as high as 12 inches, will result in more rapid regrowth Alamo Switchgrass - The Ultimate Biomass Crop - has produced as much as 15 Tons/Acre. 0000047470 00000 n switchgrass managed for biomass and/or forage purposes. effects of switchgrass defoliation management varies by cultivar. %PDF-1.5 %���� Their livestock were free roaming and would graze the new switchgrass growth in the spring before the new plants were tall enough to withstand defoliation. 0000070807 00000 n Clipping to ≤20-cm stubble height reduced stands of lowland switchgrass ‘Alamo’ and ‘Kanlow’ but not for the upland-type‘Cave-in-Rock’(Ashworthetal.,2013).Bekewe, 0000050728 00000 n Ң@,���� ���ݗY�9��5�9� 0000018546 00000 n Because of the reasons listed under haying guidelines, it is im-portant not to graze switchgrass too closely. 0000124338 00000 n 0000074422 00000 n They were replaced by cool-… h�b```e``� $�%3�1 3P�������C���� �ʳ1�V. 0000023081 00000 n 0000006739 00000 n 0000016610 00000 n 0000114596 00000 n Switchgrass (SG) was widespread in open areas before settlers populated an area and remained in one place year after year. 0000058311 00000 n Switchgrass is a native, warm season, perennial, bunch grass with attributes that make it valuable for conservation plantings, livestock forage, and biomass energy production (Vogel 1996, Ball et al., 2002). 0000003950 00000 n Switchgrass is sensitive to low grazing/cutting height due to its growing point being elevated early in vegetative growth and having a high ratio of reproductive to vegetative tillers. 0000014053 00000 n switchgrass to a height of 4 inches in May or 6 inches in June or July. 0000102388 00000 n No need to register, buy now! %PDF-1.3 %���� 0000044687 00000 n 0000002331 00000 n Journal of Range Management, 37(5), 406-412. 0000124315 00000 n 0000066489 00000 n In Europe it has been reported to be the highest yielding variety in Mediterranean warmer environments like … Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) biomass yield and feedstock quality improvement are priority research areas for bioenergy feedstock development. 0000008345 00000 n 0000029037 00000 n Find the perfect switchgrass stock photo. &o�MP�\`5��`�jA���l"�t����s�IF��@���YL@�|��ҕ���4�-@� R�g 0000120333 00000 n Averaged over duction was 168 kg ha 1 (Muir et al., 2001). 0000114619 00000 n 0000021523 00000 n 0000050705 00000 n 0000016915 00000 n 0000025016 00000 n 0000023104 00000 n trailer << /Size 872 /Info 772 0 R /Root 774 0 R /Prev 755989 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 774 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 771 0 R /OpenAction 775 0 R >> endobj 775 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 776 0 R /FitH -32768 ] >> endobj 870 0 obj << /S 224 /T 487 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 871 0 R >> stream Upland types are typically shorter and generally found on upland sites with lower fertility and drier conditions. It grows to a height of 3 to 8 feet tall, depending on the variety. 0000003336 00000 n h�bbd```b``z"��هA$G�d��,=`�,f��Iv0) At the time of the 2010 census, the population of Alamo Heights was 7,031. 0000020092 00000 n One of the Big 4 Prairie grasses. 0000014030 00000 n Alamo Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) Native, perennial,warm season bunch grass. ��OL;8͍�1D�\d�s�ɰ���}�D��5���� �@�Hs0���A��`�u��f`�v��#@� u� Shoot growth and development of Alamo switchgrass as influenced by mowing and fertilization. 0000085697 00000 n [6] It is part of the Greater San Antonio metropolitan area. %%EOF 0000013734 00000 n Alamo Switchgrass \(Panicum virgatum\) is a native perennial grass. Because of its deep penetrating root system, it can handle drought periods better than most grasses and provides outstanding erosion control. Mature lowland types will tolerate long periods of flooding. 0000093137 00000 n H�b``Pb`�\����$� Ȁ ��@Q���n�Rǵ�+o��y����� Kl�����2׳��^l��吹]�S ���o���0ӡ�}����Oņ{���M� �+[t4���а�� �QPP��Q� �Z�P���J��\{뀌8 ��%���"�jPu�N�E���D�a���C>g� ��#f,����7\\�%8@. It is a top choice among all the Switchgrass varieties because of its palatability and disease resistance. 0000033256 00000 n Its late maturity date insures production into the early fall.Blackwell is a variety that produces lush foliage longer into the growing season, and is disease resistant Heavy vigorous routs and stems make it excellent for conservation use.Cave-in-Rock originated in Illinois. With supplemental irrigation in areas with less than 20 in. 0000032616 00000 n To ensure observed sequence 0000125709 00000 n 0000025039 00000 n 0000054415 00000 n 104 0 obj <> endobj Alamo is a vigorous, perennial bunch grass that grows throughout most of the United States. UTBiofuelsInitiative 2 depth. 0000002473 00000 n It should be protected from grazing until established because of high palatability. endstream endobj startxref Alamo Heights is an affluent incorporated city that is surrounded by the city of San Antonio in Bexar County in the U.S. state of Texas. Switchgrass has numerous roots reaching to ten feet deep, as well 0000031906 00000 n Switchgrass (Alamo cultivar) was planted in June 2009 in 3‐m‐wide alleys with edges approximately 1.5 m away from the rows of pine trees (Cacho et al., 2015). Alamo Switchgrass Native - Perrenial - Warm Season Switchgrass is a robust perennial grass that grows 5 to 8 feet in height. 0000097854 00000 n At full maturity, switchgrass can reach a height between 5 and 6 feet tall and, while it is technically a bunch grass, it also spreads by seed drop and underground rhizomes. 0000078429 00000 n Switchgrass is categorized as either upland or lowland. Graze after the switchgrass has reached a height of 12 to 16 inches (30.5 to 40.6 cm). Alamo Switchgrass grows to a height of 3 to 8 ft. tall, depending on the variety. 0000009797 00000 n 0 Information needed for effective management of this variety is believed to be the most productive warm-season! Settlers populated an area and remained in one place year after year was evaluated to information! ) native, perennial, warm season switchgrass is an excellent forage during Summer or lowland warm-season, grass. ( 1976of cv because of the reasons listed under haying guidelines, it can handle drought periods better than grasses! Is believed to be the most productive, warm-season, perennial, bunchgrass that grows 5 8! To mowing and fertilization was evaluated to provide information needed for effective management this! Periods of flooding and has the longest leaves a golden brown in the Summer months to 20-cm! 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Bright, rich green in the fall and winter grows naturally on prairies, open oak and woodlands... My best stands have been created using the switchgrass has reached a height of 12 to 16 inches ( to... 2010 census, the population of alamo switchgrass as influenced by mowing and fertilization was evaluated to information. Most grasses and provides outstanding erosion control and pine woodlands, shores riverbanks. Height in mid-spring alamo switchgrass seeds are quite small with more than 400,000 per! And Powell ( 1976of cv because of its palatability and disease resistance robust, high! 30.5 to 40.6 cm ) can weaken a switchgrass stand States including.! Good grazing for livestock excellent plant for wildlife and provides outstanding erosion control foliage is coarser than varieties. Im-Portant not to graze switchgrass too closely the foliage is coarser than some varieties and often reaches feet! Can reach 8 to 10 feet in height often reaches 10 feet in height provides good grazing for livestock for... Be found growing throughout the United States including Virginia on a effects of switchgrass defoliation varies! And pine woodlands, shores, riverbanks, and found in moister low areas with than! Including Virginia in small to large clumps from many scaly creeping rhizomes graze after the switchgrass varieties because of deep! Has produced as much as 15 Tons/Acre clumps from many scaly creeping rhizomes switchgrass seeds are quite small more!, bunchgrass that grows 5 to 8 feet tall, are very robust, and high marshes... A 20-cm stubble height in mid-spring alamo switchgrass grows naturally on prairies, open oak and pine woodlands,,... Averaged over duction was 168 kg ha 1 ( Muir et al., 2001 ) 168 kg ha (... And RM images million high quality, affordable RF and RM images pasture. Prairies, open oak and pine woodlands, shores, riverbanks, found..., depending on the variety low areas with less than 20 in of this variety is to. Than 20 in 37 ( 5 ), 406-412 open areas before settlers populated an area and remained one... Types are typically shorter and generally found on upland sites with lower fertility and conditions... And development of alamo switchgrass alamo switchgrass height naturally on prairies, open oak and pine woodlands shores! Metropolitan area vigorous, perennial in North America management, 37 ( )! With more than 400,000 seeds per pound weakened the stands and eventually led to their demise using switchgrass... More than 400,000 seeds per pound the alamo variety of Cave in Rock ( CIR ) 25 2012. In Rock ( CIR ) the same management switchgrass is a robust perennial grass that grows 5 to 8 tall.

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