This blog is about an important affair in today’s China: the set of 21 amendments made to China’s Constitution in March 2018. The People's Republic of China enacted its first Constitution in 1954. Soon after Xi Jinping took the helm of the Communist Party in 2012, he gathered China’s political elite in Beijing to mark the 30th anniversary of its modern constitution. Cong-rui Qiao. The Chinese president calls for strengthening the Communist Party’s leadership over law in China. On Jan. 19, the 19th Central Committee deliberated and passed a list of changes to the state constitution at the Second Plenum. The People's Republic of China adopted its first Constitution in 1954. By Bill Ide, Joyce Huang January 18, 2018. 2004) Page 3 • Motives for writing constitution Preamble • Preferred political parties • Preamble • Reference to country's history China is one of the countries with the longest histories in the world. This blog is the first in a series on the amendments to the Chinese constitution. The plenum communique only noted some of the proposed constitutional amendments, including adding Xi Jinping’s political theory into the constitution and legislation for the new National Supervision Commission. The official Xinhua News Agency reported on December 27 that the Politburo decided to convene the Second Plenum of the 19 th Central Committee of the Communist Party in January 2018. ... 2018. The instantaneous reaction to the momentous news that Xi Jinping will be eligible to serve a third term and beyond as chairman of China’s government is the most recent demonstration that we live in a connected world. The National People's Congress approved two additional constitutional amendments, including "the addition of a political philosophy called Xi Jinping Thought to the constitution… The current Constitution was adopted in 1982 and then amended in 1988, 1993, 1999 and 2004. by lisbeth | Jul 18, 2018. On Feb. 25, 2018, the CPC Central Committee made public its proposal on amendments to China's Constitution for the fifth time. The AGM will take place on November 21, 2018, so please save the date to help participate in the reshaping of AmCham China. The PRC Criminal Law later underwent a sea change to modernise and rejuvenate the laws in 1997, with enhanced provisions on bribery and corruption offences. 2018 amendments have generally been criticised by scholars and commen-tators both in mainland China and overseas. Last Sunday on March 11, 2018, China’s National People’s Congress removed a clause from the national constitution that limited the president and vice president to two consecutive terms. Council of Cardinals studies suggested amendments to draft of Vatican constitution A view of the facade of St. Peter's Basilica from the Vatican's Apostolic Palace. Amendments to the Constitution Underline Xi’s Consolidation of Power Charles Parton Commentary, 28 February 2018 China. On March 11, 2018, China amended its constitution for the first time in 14 years, overturning key constitutional reforms adopted under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping. 2. On 1 January 1980, the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China (the “PRC Criminal Law”), containing the criminal offences of bribery and corruption, came into effect. While the reform and opening-up drive, which began 40 years ago, has made amazing progress, it brought major changes to the country's Constitution. ... Xi complimented the latest amendments to the Chinese Constitution. Meanwhile, the 2019 Board of Governors Election is quickly approaching, and we look forward to our member community being the beneficiaries of these new amendments, and our updated approach to the governance of AmCham China. BEIJING, Feb. 25 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee made public its proposal on amendments to China's Constitution Sunday. Media focus has been on the term limit removal but the inclusion of language about the role of the Party, the Great Rejuvenation and Socialist core values may end up being at least as impactful. 2018 amendments to the PRC Constitution—which passed the NPC by a vote 2,958 to 2, with 3 abstentions—mark the fifth time China’s parliament has amended the constitution. The announcement confirms widespread suspicion that President Xi Jinping, who had Xi Jinping thought enshrined in the party charter last October, planned to change China’s power transfer […] China Europe ... of the U.S. Constitution by thirteen states, some states requested that specific rights for each individual citizen should be added before it was ratified. The Constitutional amendments passed easily, as expected. The Amendment to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China has been adopted by the 1 st Session of the 13 th National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China on March 11, 2018 and is hereby promulgated to take effect. The second plenary session of the 19th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, which will be held on Jan. 18 and 19, will deliberate the draft amendments to part of China's Constitution … Flexible Constitution. A group of top Chinese Communist Party leaders is … The Constitution of the People's Republic of China is nominally the supreme law of the People's Republic of China.It was adopted by the 5th National People's Congress on December 4, 1982, with further revisions about every five years.It is the fourth constitution in the country's history, superseding the 1954 constitution, the 1975 constitution, and the 1978 constitution. The 2018 constitutional amendments in China have attracted strong criticism both at home and abroad. China (People’s Republic of) 1982 (rev. 1. Days before the National People’s Congress passed the Supervision Law, it adopted an amendment to the Chinese Constitution to set up the national level Supervision Commission. The main agenda of the Plenum is to “discuss and study proposals for amending part of [China’s current] Constitution,” which was adopted in 1982 and later amended four times in 1988, 1993, 1999, and 2004. The China Constitution of 1982 is flexible. Domestically, Xi’s bold move to amend his country’s Constitution, although undoubtedly popular with the masses, has clearly generated significant elite opposition. This paper first uses contextual, historical, and empirical analysis to examine whether the three major amendments are as bad as widely perceived, and whether or not they will have a significant impact on actual constitutional practice in China. (2) Among these amendments, three important ones have received wide attention. Key March 2018 amendments are discussed below. China to Discuss Constitutional Amendments, But How Far Will Xi Jinping Go? The main concerns still remain even with small improvements in the Supervision Law the National People’s Congress, China’s legislature, has now passed. In the past 70 years, China's Constitution and all its amendments were drawn up and carried out … Credit: Lauren Cater/CNA. On July 15, socialist country Cuba announced revisions to its Soviet-era constitution. 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