Also in 1988, Guilford acquired Krislex Knits, Inc., which had been one of Guilford's major suppliers of circular knit fabric. Completion of the Spinning Mills at Gilford took place in November 1841, and an extract from the Northern Whig of November 22, 1924, recalls the occasion, "19th November, 1841 was a great day in Gilford when one of the most splendid soirees ever held in this part of the country took place at the Works of Messrs. Dunbar, McMaster & Co. in the reading room and library belonging to the establishment. The present building was erected in 1771 and the western extension added in the 1850s in an identical style. The cost to build Gilford Castle was reported to be £42,000, but Dickson never lived here, with Percy Jocelyn McMaster, younger brother of Hugh Dunbar McMaster (proprietor of Gilford Mill), believed to be the first occupant, leasing the house between 1887 and 1891. Sir, Hayes retained the titles of chairman and CEO, but assured Lodder that he would have total autonomy. However, the next year the Court of Appeal over-ruled this decision on 28th June 1867. The mill produces all natural corn meals and grits along with a wide range of mixes. The Town Mill is a Grade II listed 18th Century watermill located in the centre of Guildford on the River Wey.. History. He died in 1670 and having no son, the property passed to his grandson, John Johnston, who was a son of Susannah who married William Johnston, a lieutenant of the Dragoons stationed in Dromore. To accommodate the large number of workers encouraged to come to Gilford in search of employment mainly from Counties Monaghan, Fermanagh and Armagh, a huge house building project was begun. passed to his sisters as co-owners but by amicable arrangement, Anne and Jane became the legal owners of their father's whole property. In the same year, James Dickson, elder son of Andrew Dickson of Glenconway, Co. Antrim, together with John McMaster became partners with Hugh Dunbar in his several trades of flax spinning and thread and linen manufacturing. Towards the end of the century, the Gilford mill complex was reckoned to be unsurpassed in the whole of the British Isles in the completeness of its resources for all the processes of the industry. The nylon, acetate, and polyester yarns run in a lengthwise direction in the fabric, forming interlocking loops. The magnitude of the task in supplying houses to accommodate the ever increasing population in Gilford can be seen from the following table. So well appreciated is the river that linen is sent long distances, even, from Belgium to be bleached on the banks of the Bann. Having purchased these premises, the Purdys set about the processing of linen and by the end of the first quarter of the 18th century had extended their interests in the area. Growth slowed in 1989, the same year that a Miami Beach financier began building a stake in Guilford. Gilford is a town in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States.The population was 7,126 at the 2010 census. Gilling twines were exported to the Adriatic and Mediterranean countries, twine for salmon-fishing to British Columbia, carpet threads, book binders' thread, extra strong threads for leather and thick cloths, and fine threads for the sewing machinist and lace-maker were exported to United States, South and Central America, Brazil, Australia and the rest of the British Colonies.". Gilford, 1st March 1849. Guilford fabrics are used in lingerie, sportswear, loungewear, swimwear, children's sleepwear, bedsheets, mattress ticking, bedspreads, upholstery, and draperies. Though the records for the Banbridge Union Workhouse aren't complete it is known that a substantial number of people from the neighbouring townlands in the Lurgan Union died in the Lurgan Workhouse during the famine period. The dyeing houses were located at the rear of the present library. The company planned to invest $100 million in new machinery and equipment and set a goal to become a global contender in the automotive market, building on its sales to Toyota, Nissan, and Honda in addition to General Motors and Ford Motor Co. 1992 also saw Guilford's continued development of its wide-width circular knits business. Early maps show the village of Gilford confined to what is now the Main Street. It had a tuck mill and a corn mill located in the vicinity of the present Presbyterian Church Hall. McMaster continued to live in Dunbarton House overlooking the Mill and died in 1872 at the age of 53. Giants like Burlington and J. P. Stevens had margins of 2 and 1.1 percent, respectively. It is recorded that he was a man of extraordinary generosity. 'Dunbar, McMaster and Co.' and 'Dunbar, Dickson & Co.' were extremely valuable and that the goods stamped with the said trade marks commanded a much readier sale and higher price in all markets than other goods of the same description. The earliest recorded mill on the site was one constructed by Walter de la Poyle in 1295. He left 12 children. Thus begins the first recorded history of milling in Gilford. The following year on April Fool’s Day, the most devastating flood in the town’s history occurred. In 1886, the firm became a limited company and Mr. Hugh Dunbar McMaster conveyed the whole of his property, lands, mills, etc. Ironically, Gilford has of late, begun to develop, with its new housing projects - public and private and at a time when the mill draws its labour force from areas other than Gilford. In 1991, Guilford launched the Feminine Mystique Foundations Lines and the Infiknits wide-width circular knits line of natural fibers and Lycra blends. Beautiful Photos! That year, the company lost $22.6 million when it closed the Augusta, Georgia, circular-knit dyeing and finishing plant. When the mill shut in 1986, the village waned. In 1981 Guilford organized a joint venture in the United Kingdom with Carrington-Viyella plc. To do so he obtained free farm grants from Hugh Law of the Corn Mill; from James Uprichard of lands at Banvale to construct a tail race and from Wm. The production of fine denier specialty yarns allowed Guilford to create unique, exclusive fabrics. Eventually the property was purchased by his nephew, Hugh. These acquisitions doubled sales between 1984 and 1988 and gave Guilford a 60 percent share in warp knitting, its primary business. The company showed strong growth for Infiknits, its naturally finished, 100 percent cotton and cotton/Lycra spandex fabric line. In 1984 the company earned $24.3 million on sales of $456.9 million--a 5 percent margin that was the envy of the industry. In the automotive industry, Guilford fabrics are used for automobile roof interiors and seat covers. 4 pieces 4-4 extra stout unbleached millspun linen. This page was last edited on 4 April 2019, at 09:27. Having obtained the necessary lands and water rights, building of the large mill complex commenced in 1837. Guildford (disambiguation) Gildford, Montana; This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Gilford. The "British Trade Journal" of 1890 states: "The success of the firm as manufacturers of yarn and thread must be attributed in no small degree to the exceptionally favourable position of their works. By the end of the 1980s, the Guilford had more than 4,500 employees at 14 plants. Sales in the year ending 31st March, 1866, amounted to over £1,000,000. Finally, we can read about how these great companies came about with Company Histories.. Although the company had to invent a new way to dye the velour-like material, Guilford perfected a synthetic velour in 1978 that generated six to eight years of profitability. McCreight lands on the opposite side of the river to the proposed mill. Commercially, Messrs. Dunbar McMaster & Co. were known all over the world. In fact, he has done everything which generosity and human feeling can suggest for the benefit of those employed at the Gilford works. 8. "There was a tremendous difference in culture that did not mesh together.". Upwards of 800 sat down to tea which was arranged in fine style under the able management of Mr. James Beck and company with a well selected committee. In 1711, the Log Chapel of Ease, now called Christ Church Guilford, was founded to the north of Guilford on a piece of land surveyed as "New Year's Gift" by Charles Carroll of Carrollton. In 1849, the following letter was circulated in the hope of establishing a market which would bring a degree of prosperity to Gilford and also attract business to the area. Gilford Castle, Gilford, Co. Down, Northern Ireland. "It all came together because at that time we had the most advanced line of warp-knit products in the world and had replaced a lot of woven fabrics at lower selling prices, but at better margins to us. In making warp knits, running 100,000 yards of seconds was of little consequence--it was prohibitively expensive with circular knits. And it also seems strange that Common work hands in that country get but £15 or £20 per annum and that Archabald and you get so large salaries.". The soldiers had only one change of clothes. Mr. and the Misses Dunbar likewise honoured the soiree with their presence and appeared highly delighted especially Mr. Dunbar who, at all times, takes great interest in the welfare of his workers and spares no expense in making them comfortable. During the 1840s the firm provided schools under the National Board of Education. No wonder there was a steady demand for work elsewhere, even in the U.S.A. After the company regaled themselves with a plentiful supply of good things of this life, dancing commenced and was kept up to a late hour. Principal Subsidiaries: Guilford FSC, Inc.; Guilford Mills (U.K.) Ltd.; Guilford Europe Ltd.; Gold Mills Inc.; Guilford Airmont, Inc.; Guilford Mills (Michigan), Inc. The extremely fine white and even yarn required in making lace which sells in London at fabulous prices is spun and bleached in this district and is largely produced by this firm. That stock in trade at the last half-yearly estimate was upwards of £500,000. With the increased industrial development, there was the ever increasing need for labour and accommodation of a sort. Twenty-one years after its founding, Guilford had a second dyeing and finishing plant up and running. At that point, Guilford had 60 machines and was a medium-sized operation. McMaster carried it to the House of Commons which finally reaffirmed the decision of the Lord Chancellor. The proprietors, it seems, have just finished a large building for the manufacture of thread and this was appropriately fitted out and beautifully ornamented for the occasion. Improvements in process technology and modifications of equipment were also high priorities. It was decided that John Walsh McMaster was absolutely entitled to the goodwill and trademarks of the partnership. Guilford quickly introduced innovative dyeing and finishing techniques that included laminating, napping, embossing, and coating. Against the backdrop of a slow rebound in the textile industry, Guilford's share of the women's domestic swimwear market continued to rise, driven by innovations in fabrication. Image: Savills. Apparel fabrics constituted 62 percent of the company's sales, and home furnishings were 14 percent. The company also supplied fabric for window treatments, automotive interiors, shoes, and luggage. The company branched into the circular-knit business. From valuation fieldbooks many of these "two up, two down," type houses accommodated two families. McMaster is buried in Tullylish Old Churchyard. Profits for the group fell 41 percent that year. He has erected a hospital for the sick to the support of which he contributes very liberally. The company's first permanent knitting plant was built four years later in Greensboro, and in 1961, Guilford started its first dyeing and finishing plant, which Hornaday hoped would enable Guilford to charge more for its material. But the company was having trouble making the transition from warp knits to the realm of circular knits, which required a fashion and consumer-oriented approach and in which raw materials were costlier and quality control crucial. Being in the linen trade and with his family connections in the industry, he gave Gilford the stimulus that was to attract the attention of other enterprising entrepreneurs, who came into the district, purchased existing mills, developed machinery and increased output. In 1767, before the colonists decided to seek independence from England, Daniel Dillon built a small tub mill in North Carolina on Beaver Creek, and went into business grinding grain for the early settlers. Gilford Village near Banbridge was once at the heart of Ireland’s linen production. He recalls how when they returned to France after D Day they had only two tiny boxes of water every week to wash uniforms. ... Guilford marked 1990 with innovation, becoming the first U.S. mill to introduce microdenier specialty fabrics, which have a high-filament count that gives a silk-like feel to stretchy fabrics. Sir James Johnston granted 46 leases for the building of houses on Castle Hill between 1807 and 1811. During the late 1970s, Guilford acquired the Chadalon Nylon Extruding Plant in Georgia and started a major bonding and laminating division at the Greensboro, North Carolina site. In addition to the trade facilities afforded by the Newry Canal which served as the principal means of goods transport, there were the properties of the Bann water which were excellent for the whitening of the linen and, of course, the easily accessible water power. It's quite the history lesson. . HISTORY of the OLD MILL of GUILFORD. He also erected a new weir and widened the mill race to generate more power and thus increase production. The other is a picture book, I think. Charles (Chuck) Hayes, who later became Guilford's chairman and CEO, was hired that same year to oversee the new operation. Where: Gilford Community Centre Your Attendance is Important. Another story from that particular road, Stramore road Gilford, is from a work mate who seen an old women in very period dress walking down the road at 3-4 am one morning he was working late was returning home the person with him in his car also seen this, they both thought it strange due to her clothes, age and the time of morning she was out. Guilford formed a partnership with Hunter-Douglas, a major player in the home fashions industry, to produce the Silhouette line of vertical blinds and pleated shades. Guilford marked 1990 with innovation, becoming the first U.S. mill to introduce microdenier specialty fabrics, which have a high-filament count that gives a silk-like feel to stretchy fabrics. My mother worked in this mill in the 1940s. Capital expenditures of $80 million were planned for fiscal 1993. 10 pieces 4-4 extra stout bleached linen for family use. Guilford Mills was founded in 1946 in Greensboro, North Carolina. As consumers, we often take for granted all the hard work that goes into building a great company. Workers emigrated from Gilford to man the mill and an examination of the population figures for the period will reveal that the town showed a decrease of approximately 50%. Today, the mill continues to produce all-natural, stone-ground, whole grain foods, just as it has for over 240 years. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Always driven to research and innovation, Guilford began developing a technical center in Greensboro to combine its engineering, technology, research, and product divisions under one roof. St. James Press, 1994. I'll never forget it. A large reservoir near the works was erected for fire extinguishing and was connected with hydrants and hose in every part of the mills, so that a conflagration that occurred in 1869 when £40,000 worth of property was destroyed, was not likely to happen again. Guilford was not alone in its struggles--the Wall Street Journal of April 2, 1992, reported that profits for the Fortune 500 companies were "an unparalleled disaster" in 1991. "The Northern Whig" Tuesday 14th, 1849, reports that "Dunbar, McMaster and Co." exhibited the following: "Dunbar, Dickson & Co." had the following on exhibition: Today the firm still remains in business. This was probably the mill known as Kings Mill. They are built, in part, literally over the River Bann, the water of which is famous for its bleaching power. The mill was located in what is now Guilford County, which was created out of Rowan County in 1771. Completion of the Spinning Mills at Gilford took place in November 1841, and an extract from the Northern Whig of November 22, 1924, recalls the occasion, "19th November, 1841 was a great day in Gilford when one of the most splendid soirees ever held in this part of the country took place at the Works of Messrs. Dunbar, McMaster & Co. in the reading room and library belonging to the establishment. At the beginning of this partnership, the mills at Gilford were substantial enough to permit the commencement of the business but for some time longer until 1843, part of the business, that of the manufacture of brown linen continued to be carried out at the Huntly Glen, Banbridge. The great linen boom took place during these years which, in fact coincided with the American Civil War (1861-65). Having died intestate, all his estate, mills, etc. All rights reserved. With progressive production strategies, the company quickly grew to $3 million in sales. This website has been created in an attempt to document, or at least try to understand the important role Gilford played and the impact of the war years on our small town. In the early 1970s, Guilford acquired Astrotex, Ltd., of New York and launched the Guilford-National joint venture in Kenansville, North Carolina. The fine quality threads spun for certain lace and embroidery may be inferred from the fact that a length of thirty-six thousand yards weighed only one pound. Guilford's executives refer to 1984 as the company's "golden year." learn how over 7,000 companies got started! and Guilford/U.S. The Old Mill of Guilford was founded in North Carolina on Beaver Creek in 1767 to grind grain for the early settlers of what is now Guilford County. Haven't tried them all yet but we're working on it. However, it has survived the recession in the linen trade and in doing so will be in an advantageous position to benefit if the industry should expand, as predicted. By his will, he left all his land, etc., to the eldest son, with Dunbarton, House (after life interest to his widow), and various other legacies. The company also began a market launch into sports and fashionwear made with cotton Lycra spandex. The company converted its Augusta, Georgia, printing plant into a state-of-the-art, circular-knit finishing facility. Company History: Guilford Mills Inc. is the leading producer in the United States of warp, or flat, knit fabric. In the case of the Church of Ireland, Mr. John McMaster was a large subscriber to the actual cost of the building and the parsonage on the Stramore Road was erected at his own expense. In 1988 industrial fabrics, including automotive, made up 24 percent of Guilford's business. The new company was called Guilford-Kapwood Ltd., and Bryan Lodder, a Briton, was appointed to oversee it. ." By the mid-1980s, Guilford was one of Greensboro's major employers. The looms of Europe wove yarns spun in Gilford. It is interesting to note that in each case there is a covenant that the lessee or his assigns should within one year, "erect on the said granted premises one dwelling house, 40 feet in front and well dash, rough cast and whiten the same every two years and put sash windows in the said dwelling house." Sites for the Roman Catholic and Presbyterian Churches were presented by individual members of the firm. Altogether 180 houses were built in close proximity to the mill such were the numbers that came from the Keady district of Co. Armagh that Hill Street was known locally as "Keady Row." manufacturing facilities to form the International Marketing Division. It is certainly implied that the workers, despite the industrial advances, had poor wages, while management had comparable very much higher salaries. The area around Guilford was settled before it was called by the name of its mill. Six other sons were mostly engaged in the linen trade at home and abroad with the exception of one son who became a clergyman and ministered to his flock in England. That is for another time. Imports and exports were facilitated by the vast enterprise, for those times, of cutting the Newry Canal which was opened in 1737 and finally completed to Lough Neagh in 1741 at an estimated cost of £896,000. He had a list of 400 poor people whom he served weekly at his own house with financial assistance. During the previous five years, Guilford's sales had increased 70 percent. And Guilford produced low-priced synthetic knockoffs of more expensive, natural-fiber fabrics. I have seen about 5 pages total of the first book and highly recommend it … Even as early in its history in 1849, on the occasion of Queen Victoria's visit at Belfast, "Dunbar McMaster & Co" and "Dunbar Dickson and Co." were chosen to exhibit for the Royal viewing. Thank you for posting these pictures. The company expected to continue technological upgrading of equipment and planned strategic expansion in its fibers and automotive units. There are no pages that use … We see them around but we don't know what goes on behind the scenes. The first full-time rector was James Magill, who lived at Athol. In the 19th century, Gilford grew and its population swelled when a linen mill was built. The firm began to trade under Dunbar McMaster and Co. for flax spinning and linen thread and Dunbar Dickson and Co. for brown linen. He was survived by his wife, Florence, a daughter of Major General Saxton of England and it was to her homeland she returned after her husband's death. In a letter from an emigrant to his uncle, Mr. James Beck (mentioned in the report of the soiree), dated September 24th, 1848, from Dinsmore, Shilley Co., Cincinnati, he states: "With great pleasure I received your letter dated 14th June, I received it the 10th July. Gilford Mill has survived the passage of time and the depressing economic ills of the linen industry but its past glory will not be easily forgotten. It is excellent for genealogy. Spotten and Co. successor to Dunbar, Dickson & Co.", A famous law suit followed with the petition filed by Benjamin Dickson on 6th April, 1866, stating said business was carried on as well at the Gilford premises as also at certain warehouses and premises at Belfast, Dublin, London, Manchester, Glasgow and New York and by agents, travellers and correspondents in almost all parts of the world... that the goodwill and trademark and name. This stood in a prominent position in the Square, but with the development of the road and widening of the streets, it was removed only to be re-erected without its lanterns and now stands rather inconspicuously in the corner of the lawn in front of the library. From its beginnings in lingerie, Guilford branched out and supplied warp knit fabric to manufacturers of sleepwear, dresses, swimsuits, and other apparel. The company focused in 1992 on the further development of microdenier fabrics. A great many ladies and gentlemen from the surrounding neighbourhood and also from Belfast were present and seemed highly gratified with the proceedings of the evening. Up until his death in 1908, he took the place of his father in the industrial and social life of the area. Since production ceased in the 1960s the Gilford Mill complex has seen several false dawns of potential redevelopment and regeneration of the Village. Situated on Lake Winnipesaukee, Gilford is home to Governors Island, Ellacoya State Beach, Belknap Mountain State Forest, Gunstock Mountain Ski Resort, and Bank of New Hampshire Pavilion at Meadowbrook, a seasonal outdoor concert venue.The lakeside village of Glendale lies … Footnote: once the largest industrial undertaking on the Upper Bann, production ceased at Dunbar McMaster's mill in the 1980s and the site currently lies semi-derelict awaiting a new use. James Hornaday set up shop in a garage with half a dozen employees and six warp-knit machines to produce synthetic fabrics for ladies' lingerie. There was also a fulling mill here when Guildford was an important wool town. The company knits, dyes, and finishes nylon, acetate, and polyester yarn and sells finished fabrics to the apparel, automotive, and home furnishings industries. By the end of the decade, a number of factors had converged to cut into Guilford's profits. The conversion eventually cost Guilford more than $30 million in equipment and resulted in millions of dollars of losses. The two companies planned to share marketing resources and technical knowledge and supply American and Japanese car manufacturers with fabric for head and door liners. Gilford Mill update 25th June 2009 - geograph.org.uk - 1372567.jpg 640 × 480; 94 KB Gilford Mill, Gilford - geograph.org.uk - 264791.jpg 640 × 426; 138 KB The disused Gilford Mill, Gilford - geograph.org.uk - 1806446.jpg 832 × 445; 104 KB Set aside and converted into a hospital for the Roman Catholic and Churches. To what is now the library ceased in the 1880s Wey.. history he owned land in Donacloney and and... Of more expensive, gilford mill history fabrics complex has seen several false dawns of potential and! Stout bleached linen for family use the lands, mill buildings, workers ' houses etc! Suminoe Textile Co of Japan, a mansion built in 1865 village near Banbridge was once at the rear the... 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