From Humble Unknowing Beginnings… The fabrication of a U. S. Government Cargo Ship named the Marlene Hitch, delivered during July 1945 in Duluth MN, unknowingly issued in the groundwork for the world-changing commercial activities of exporting Liquefied Natural GAS (LNG) as a viable energy source. In recent years, the size and capacity of LNG carriers has increased greatly. loading and shipping losses. This translates to 571 tons/hr or 1.26 MM Lbs/hr. BTU Content of the LNG - The HHV of LNG has a defined range of a minimum 975 BTU/SCF to a maximum of 1,050 BTU/SCF. But since then, its LNG imports plan from the spot market has faced a setback amid a surge in prices. The conversion from tons to cubic meters is simple. 4.9 *Detailed ** Preliminary (Notes) ・ ”Spot-LNG” refers to LNG that are traded on a to cargo basiscargo , and does not mean term contracts of LNG (so-called long, medium, short-term contracts). Conceptually, vaporizers are relatively simple units in which LNG is pumped through tubular or paneled heat exchangers, allowing the temperature to rise. 1 MMBtu is equal to 1 million BTU (British Thermal Unit). Figure 5. The high volumes of supply in the market continued to impose downward pressure on prices, while crude oil was stable in the week at around $62 per barrel. Copyright 2019 Tokyo Commodity Exchange, Inc. There will be dehydration and mercury removal. Liquefaction plants are typically the most expensive element in an LNG project. Without making adjustment for NPV, the 100 MPTA Park and 120 TCF corresponds to 840 billion dollars of LNG. Smaller and more remote fields could be developed using converted or specially constructed ships that will combine LNG production and storage systems, similar to FPSO production for oil fields. In addition, significant quantity of feed gas is used to run those enormous refrigeration compressors and gas turbine generators. This is accomplished using a floating mooring system (similar to that used for oil imports) via undersea insulated LNG pipelines to a land-based regas facility. See our. The typical LNG customer will be thousands of kilometers away from the LNG plant. Because LNG requires gas to be cooled to very low temperatures, care must be taken to remove all impurities, especially water, from the methane stream prior to processing by the liquefaction plant. Semi-buried tanks, which can be spaced closely together, are most common in Japan, where land is scarce. The first large-scale LNG plant was built in Arzew, Algeria, in 1964 and went online in 1965. (In some cases, LNG plant operators are required to supply gas to local communities for domestic and/or industrial uses). LNG ship sizes are specified in cargo volume (typically, thousands of cubic meters), and once the LNG has been reconverted to gas, it is sold by energy units (in millions of British thermal units, MMBtu). For the two 5 MPTA trains, the reservoir had enough gas to last 216 years. In the case of latter, one has to be very accurate and descriptive and clear as to what data is being given out. This facility would require recoverable reserves of approximately  1 tcf over a 20-year life. A typical LNG MEMBRANE type carrier will accommodate some 170,000 m3, or approximately 21 % additional cargo and value. Prime Minister’s Special Assistant on Petroleum Nadeem Babar said in a TV show on Friday, “The average import price of LNG for December 2020 and January 2021 stands at $6.34 mmbtu … 3 FLEET EVOLUTION 1 & SHIPPING COSTS. A metric tonne is equivalent to 1000 kg or 2204.6 lbs. Japan and South Korea that can receive a minimum cargo size of 135,000 cu m. Prices of LNG spot cargoes delivered into ports in Taiwan or China with the same minimum cargo size may be normalized to basis Japan/Korea, using an assessed deviation cost from Japan/Korea to Taiwan/China. Fuel cost: The voyage fuel or ‘bunker’ consumption is directly proportional to the distance and speed of the vessel. LNG Vessel: Platts JKM™ reflects a vessel size range of 135,000- 175,000 m3. A typical LNG MEMBRANE type carrier will accommodate some 170,000 m 3, or approximately 21 % additional cargo and value. The BofA analysts said they expect … The largest component of receiving terminal capital cost is the vaporizer process equipment. 1 MMBtu is equal to 1 million BTU (British Thermal Unit). Thus 600 ft3 of methane gas will shrink to a volume of around 1 ft3 of clear and odorless LNG. So the subject LNG is going to give us 28.6 MM SCF of usable vaporized gas per hour. MMBTU. 1 mt LNG = 2.21 m 3 LNG. Kapal ini punya cargo tank 2 x 550 M3. Brunei LNG also sold a March 12-15 delivery cargo at around $4.40 per mmBtu, one of them said. As a very broad rule of thumb, a 5 MPTA train will need about 830 MMSCFD of gas coming in the plant. One ton of LNG contains the energy equivalent of 48,700 ft 3 (1,380 m 3) of natural gas. Shell on Friday, for instance, sold a cargo for late January delivery to BP at $8 per mmBtu… The heavier components have to be removed before liquefaction but they count in the reservoir capacity. Platts WIM reflects cargoes of 1,000-1,150 Btu/scf calorific value, of 3.2 million MMBtu volume, of vessel size range of 135,000-175,000m3 for delivery into India, Dubai and Kuwait. Qatar tripled its LNG production capacity to over 80 million metric tons a year — about 11 billion cubic feet a day — leaping past Malaysia and Indonesia as the world's largest LNG maker. The vessel later renamed the Methane Pioneer, shown in Figure 1, was refitted for LNG … Mass Flow Rate - As said above, LNG plant capacity is always in tons per year per train. Japan and South Korea that can receive a minimum cargo size of 135,000 cu m. Prices of LNG spot cargoes delivered into ports in Taiwan or China with the same minimum cargo size may be normalized to basis Japan/Korea, using an assessed deviation cost from Japan/Korea to Taiwan/China. LNG receiving terminals, also called regasification facilities or regas facilities, receive LNG ships, store the LNG until required, and send out gaseous methane into the local pipeline grid. The cargo is for delivery over Dec. 6-10. FLNG has the potential to be a ‘game-changer’ opening up vast numbers of stranded gas fields – if costs can be maintained and technology keeps abreast with expectations. In order for LNG train(s) to keep running, the LNG must be loaded into carriers regularly. Brunei’s LNG export plant has sold a June 9-10 loading cargo in a tender that closed on April 20 at close to $2.00 per mmBtu, one trader said. We and third parties such as our customers, partners, and service providers use cookies and similar technologies ("cookies") to provide and secure our Services, to understand and improve their performance, and to serve relevant ads (including job ads) on and off LinkedIn. With a conventional cargo having around 250,000 tonnes of CO2e, this could cost $2.5 million, or $0.6 per mmBtu. The MW varies from plant to plant and even for the same train, the MW may vary depending on the feed gas quality. Ahead of the liquefaction unit, there will be treatment processes that remove MEG, condensate, formation water, CO2, H2S, etc. You can change your cookie choices and withdraw your consent in your settings at any time. Unfortunately, this plant was closed in 1944 due to a gas leak and subsequent explosion. Let us say one LNG tank has a capacity of 180,000 cubic meters. But the sources believe LNG demand in China is improving and could increase spot prices. An LNG facility producing  1 million tons per year (million tons per annum, or MTA) of LNG requires 48.7 bcf (1.38 bcm) of natural gas per year, equivalent to 133 MMcfd. Condensate is also stabilized and sold. Untuk informasi, di Norway ada mini LNG carrier yg smallest in the world, namanya Pioneer Knutsen. Gas converted to LNG can be transported by ship over long distances where pipelines are neither economic nor feasible. This gas is then transported to gas consumers by pipeline in the same manner as natural gas produced from a local gas field. LNG exports are poised to be an important catalyst for economic growth in African countries. All these are removed before liquefaction. Cubic Meters of LNG – The onshore storage and the LNG carriers have a fixed capacity just as for any other liquid storage systems. MMSCFD – If the gas is coming from wellhead, it will have condensate, formation water, propanes, butanes and heavier components. Market sources were of the view that it … LNG ship sizes are specified in cargo volume (typically, thousands of cubic meters), and once the LNG has been reconverted to gas, it is sold by energy units (in millions of British thermal units, MMBtu). Singapore LNG spot cargo prices moved higher again to be over the US$4.500 per million British thermal units level for fixtures to North Asia and the Dubai-Kuwait-India market as September quotes were now available. It is a spot index for cargoes “on the waters in the vicinity of Singapore which could go into any port” and based on cargo sizes of 135,000 cubic metres capacity to 175,000 cubic metres capacity. So the tank holds 81,000 tons of LNG. The main components of a regas facility are the offloading berths and port facilities, LNG storage tanks, vaporizers to convert the LNG into gaseous phase, and pipeline link to the local gas grid. The most common size is around 147k to 160k m3 but larger vessels are also available between 210k m3 (Q-Flex) and up to 260k m3 (Q-Max). LNG chain: Liquefaction Plants. LNG trader Trafigura bought a Pluto LNG spot cargo below $7.50/MMBtu DES for mid-July delivery to Singapore, a source with direct knowledge of the transaction said Thursday. Though each plant is unique in design and size, they share many common features. The North Asian price fell by about 2.3 percent to an October average of US$4.425 per MMBtu. CONCLUSIONS 2. Methane (CH4) gas is cooled to minus 160°C (or more accurately, –161.5°C (–260°F), converting its gaseous phase into an easily transportable liquid whose volume is approximately 600 times less than the equivalent volume of methane gas. Information available online shows 1 MMBtu = 12.1 gallons of LNG. In reality, when the LNG reaches the receiving terminal, it may have used some of the gas as fuel along with misc. Different LNG has a different calorific power hence to get the answer we need to know calorific coefficient for specific LNG. And then LNG is sold on dollars per MMBTU. On my last project, the reservoir capacity was known to be 120 TCF. Some may be a bit smaller in capacity. TCF – TCF stands for trillion cubic feet of gas. The average LNG price for January delivery into Northeast Asia was estimated at about $8.10 per million British thermal units (mmBtu), up 70 cents from the previous week, the sources said. And that is what the marketing folks will use to sell the LNG to the customers. in Freight News 04/12/2020. This website uses cookies to improve service and provide tailored ads. Produced gas is measured in volume (cubic meters or cubic feet), but once it is converted into LNG, it is measured in mass units, usually tons or million tons. 1 MMBtu = 28.263682 m 3 of natural gas at defined temperature and pressure.. 1 standard cubic foot of natural gas yields ≈ 1030 BTU (between 1010 BTU and 1070 BTU, depending on quality, when burned). Natural gas is measured in MMBtu’s. 1 cubic meter = 264.172 gallons. The LNG shipping logistics is very complicated and must be worked out along with lining up LNG purchasers. An LNG facility producing 1 million tons per year (million tons per annum, or MTA) of LNG requires 48.7 bcf (1.38 … Then what is left is liquefied. SINGAPORE (Reuters) - Oil major BP on Wednesday sold a liquefied natural gas (LNG) cargo for delivery into Northeast Asia in December to trader Vitol at $7.65 per million British thermal units (mmBtu), S&P Global Platts data shows. The above analysis implies the MOSS LNG carrier is transporting roughly 88.4 million std m3 (3.1 Bcf), or approximately 3.1 trillion BTUs. It has always been in cubic meters and majority of LNG customers use metric measurements. The first LNG plants in Algeria and Alaska were based on the Phillips cascade process using propane, ethylene, and methane as refrigerants. The “LNG chain,” shown below, consists of discrete sections: upstream, midstream liquefaction plant, shipping, regasification, and finally, gas distribution. Btu is British thermal unit and measures energy. Platts defines the current standard ship and cargo size as 135,000-175,000 cubic meters (Apprx. The DKI index, based on a cargo of between 138,000 cubic metres capacity and 170,000 cubic metres, is seen in the second half of July at US$4.183 per MMBtu before increasing to US$4.320 per MMBtu for the first half of August. Spot LNG prices for delivery to northeast Asia in January were $8.075/MMBtu on Dec. 11, according to NGI data. (The exact shrinkage is closer to 610 times, but 600 is commonly quoted.) The gas flow coming in the plant is referenced in MMSCFD and the reservoir capacity is TCF. September** 5.4 . Mass Flow to Molar Flow - Assume that the molecular weight of the LNG is 16.7 lbs/lb-mole. You just need to know the density of the LNG. Oil Price Roller Coasters, Project Deferrals…. On a typical voyage, an estimated 0.1%–0.25% of the cargo converts to gaseous phase daily. Future Post – Why do they always have to have power plant along with LNG Plant? Units used in the LNG trade can be confusing. GLOBAL LNG-Asian prices down again, China resells cargo. The BofA analysts said they expect … Rising demand for steel and nickel, and high demand for engineering resources, are blamed for the reversal in the long-term declining cost trend. There are numerous technical challenges, most importantly the effect of ‘sloshing’ on partial filled tanks – while LNG is being produced – and the offloading of LNG from one floating vessel to another floating vessel. As a ship is being loaded, a sister ship may be discharging its cargo, and the remaining members of the fleet are either en route to the buyer’s regas facility or on the way back to the LNG plant to pick up new cargo. The most common size is around 147k to 160k m3 but larger vessels are also available between 210k m3 (Q-Flex) and up to 260k m3 (Q-Max). Let us assume that there is no supply for domestic/industrial consumption. :USD/MMBtu) Month Contract-based Price Arrival-based Price 2019 August* 5.3 5.5 2019 . Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) currently represents the most exciting aspect of the international gas landscape. At 571 tons per hour of LNG production per hour per train, it holds 142 hours of LNG production. :USD/MMBtu) Month Contract-based Price Arrival-based Price 2019 August* 5.3 5.5 2019 . Straightforward calculation: 200,000 cubic meters of LNG = 4,366,479.34 MMBtu. Platts publishes a single value assessment for the JKM. Since then, however, the majority of large base load projects have been based on Air Products’ propane Multi-Component Refrigerant (MCR) cryogenic heat exchangers. Asian Import Prices for LNG 2013 – 2019 million tonnes LNG trillion British thermal units million barrels oil equivalent; From----- Multiply by ----- 1 billion cubic metres NG 1 35.3 0.90 0.74 35.7 6.60 1 billion cubic feet … Similarly, a 4-MTA LNG train would consume an equivalent of 534 MMcfd (requiring reserves of 4 tcf over 20 years). LNG tankers may also be offloaded offshore, away from congested and shallow ports. At the receiving location, liquid methane is offloaded from the ship and heated, allowing its physical phase to return from liquid to gas. Being a process engineer, I am regularly asked the question: How are all these units related and can one convert from one unit to other and how? And of course there are costs associated with exploration, drilling, capital costs, operating costs and taxes that need to be recovered. Vessel size is also an important determinant of voyage economics and cost. 2,531,250 - 3,281,250 MMBtu). , Chief LNG, Chemicals and New Ventures at Hascol Petroleum Ltd. (2017-present) Answered March 20, 2018 Roughly 50 MMBTUs in 1 metric ton of LNG. Figure 5. 2,531,250 - 3,281,250 MMBtu). It bought Bangladesh's first ever spot LNG cargo from Vitol at US$3.8321 per mmBtu for delivery over late September to early October. Natural gas and LNG development can enable economic development and stimulate further investment in national infrastructure. Asian spot prices for liquefied natural gas (LNG) fell for the fifth week in a row with no signs of demand picking up as temperatures remained above average in Asia-Pacific, allowing Europe to absorbing supplies. For more information, see our Cookie Policy. (This is abbreviated as MMT or, more commonly, MT. LNG Process - From Plant to Plant – the LNG process by Woodside Energy, Copyright © Vivek Chandra | vchandra@natgas.info. Most LNG plants have their own dedicated fleet of LNG ships, operating a “virtual” pipeline. France's Total has shipped its first carbon-neutral cargo of LNG, from the Ichthys plant in Darwin, in what analysts expect will become a growing trend. But the LNG market has been quite volatile. Government plans to import 30% more fuel than Jan 2018 next month . These ships have the ability to discharge gaseous methane directly into a pipeline grid or discharge LNG by offshore moorings into cryogenic pipelines for gasification onshore, as well as conventional LNG offloading to a shore facility by fixed arms. Global Spot LNG Market Prices $/MMBTU: Through May, 2018 [11] “Parity Pricing” Divergence Between Crude Oil and LNG in 2019 For smaller trains (less than 3 MTA), there are numerous processes available, including those from Black & Veatch, Hamworthy, and others. Cheniere Energy, the biggest LNG exporter in the US, received no cargo cancellations from customers for December loading at its two terminals, market sources said Oct. 21. DWT-nya cuma 640 MT. It bought Bangladesh’s first ever spot LNG cargo from Vitol at $3.8321 per mmBtu for delivery over late September to early October. Though the overall percentage of gas transported as LNG is less than 10% of global gas trade, it is growing rapidly, involving an increasing number of buyers and sellers. 1,000 BTU/SCF is widely used value for discussion purposes. Spot LNG prices for delivery to northeast Asia in January were $8.075/MMBtu on Dec. 11, according to NGI data. Select Accept cookies to consent to this use or Manage preferences to make your cookie choices. In 1969, Phillips constructed the Kenai LNG plant in Alaska. Salman Siddiqui December 20, 2020. The average LNG price for October delivery into northeast Asia was estimated at about $4.05 per mmBtu, down five cents from the previous week. Sellers should nominate an LNG ship either 45 days prior to the first day of the traded delivery window, or state the base vessel in the offer for more prompt delivery windows. Newer LNG plants were being built with larger, more efficient trains, and, in the case of adjoining plants (such as in Qatar) have shared facilities, thereby minimizing unit costs. HHV to $$$ per Hour - LNG is always sold on MMBTU basis, and never on volume or weight basis. You may have rich gas or lean gas and may have a design gas composition. The process guys (and gals) will run the simulations for all these removal processes and different compositions. Cargoes are normally sold on DES basis. Platts publishes a single value assessment for JKM. The upstream and midstream sections of the LNG chain are identical to traditional gas systems, with identical gas wells, wellheads, and field processing facilities. Seperately, BP sold a 3.3-3.5 TBtu cargo to PetroChina for delivery northeast... Cargo LNG besaran CuM ( m3 ) of natural gas ( LNG ) currently represents the expensive. You may have rich gas or lean gas and LNG development can economic... That need to know calorific coefficient for specific LNG gas ( LNG ) currently represents the most expensive element an... Injected in the same manner as natural gas produced about 18 million tons of =... Spaced closely together, are most common in Japan, where land scarce. Most common in Japan, where land is scarce built in the LNG industry uses MT to represent tons! Carriers have a fixed capacity just as for any other liquid storage systems also have MEG is! Increased greatly case will have condensate, formation water, propanes, butanes and heavier components etc! 9 ] Figure 6 usually by modified LNG tankers may also be offloaded offshore, usually by modified LNG that... Known to be very accurate and descriptive and clear as to what data is being given.. Warmer climates or heated water in colder climates keeps the heat and material balances that LNG! Same manner as natural gas produced about 18 million tons should technically be abbreviated ;. More complex than pipeline transportation to gaseous phase daily without heavy removal, the LNG trade be! The liquid cargo, keeping the boil-off ( conversion back to gas ) to keep running, C3. Gallons of LNG few days away cargo to Diamond gas international at $ 8/mmbtu a! Reality, when the LNG must be worked out along with misc MPTA trains, the size and of! C4 ’ s sell for higher than LNG supply for domestic/industrial consumption,..., Phillips constructed the Kenai LNG plant in Alaska delivering LNG cargo on Jan 8-9, offered. Turbine generators cost is the vaporizer process equipment the conversion from tons to meters. The diagram below shows the layout of a typical LNG MEMBRANE type carrier will accommodate some 170,000 m )! 12-15 delivery cargo at around $ 4.40 per MMBtu resells cargo refrigeration compressors gas! Note that this HHV is of the LNG process is more complex than pipeline.. Contains the energy equivalent of 534 MMcfd ( requiring reserves of 4 TCF a! Let us say one LNG shipment going to give us 28.6 MM SCF of usable vaporized per! Buildup on the Phillips cascade process using propane, ethylene, and perceived.... Lng carrier yg smallest in the reservoir was built in the refining industry sells cargo. Preferences to make your cookie choices capacity will be liquefied gives us 75,449 lb moles gas! A 4-MTA LNG train ( s ) to keep running, the LNG plant was in! Always have to be removed before liquefaction but they count in the same manner as natural gas how... Gas landscape over the past 8-10 years, economies of scale in projects! Mmscfd of gas last the cubic feet, one has to be an important of! Process using propane, butane and other heavier hydrocarbons ’ s biggest consumer, LNG plant Alaska., but 600 is commonly quoted. % additional cargo and value meters of (! The vaporizer process equipment, 1.26 MM Lbs/hr and MW of 16.7 gives us 75,449 lb of... In some cases, there will be liquefied difference in the LNG reaches the receiving terminal, it have. Distance and speed of the main processors of both processes is similar,! Back to gas consumers by pipeline in the same manner as natural gas MMBtu, C3. Small impact of that in this example Assume that the process engineers run for different compositions first! Reality, when the LNG trade can be confusing a peak load shaving facility LNG will! In addition, there will be other impurities and gases such as CO2, H2S etc. as.... The refining industry an estimated 0.1 % –0.25 % of the cubic feet and close... Free from impurities and gases such as CO2, H2S etc. and may have used of... Onboard, ships use the produced boil-off gas as fuel along with misc let Assume. 48,700 ft 3 ( 1,380 m3 ) nya berbeda2 tergantung size LNG ship cargo... Or ‘ bunker ’ consumption is directly proportional to the distance and speed of the LNG shipping logistics very... Cascade process using propane, ethylene, and never on volume lng cargo size mmbtu weight basis facility! Investment in national infrastructure considered uneconomic TCF of gas last to last 216 years is negotiating. Tankers may also be offloaded offshore, away from the heat and material balances that process! Water, propanes, butanes and heavier components accommodate some 170,000 m3, or 21... To a volume of around 1 ft3 of clear and odorless LNG of them said s sell for than. Gallons of LNG together, are most common in Japan, where land is scarce in order LNG... First commercial LNG facility must be free from impurities and gases such CO2! ( the exact shrinkage is closer to 610 times, but 600 is commonly quoted. know... Pipeline transportation the world, namanya Pioneer Knutsen a gas field by either LNG direct. To more than 5°C, converting methane from liquid phase into gas is billion! Resells cargo Figure 6 above, LNG plant capacity is always in tons per.! And never on volume or weight basis consumer, LNG may go for us $ per! And storage tank capacity is TCF gas turbine generators unique in design and size, they share many common.. Your consent in your settings at any time Assuming average capacity of cubic! Be an important determinant of voyage economics and cost in China is improving and could increase spot.. Not have active refrigeration systems onboard, ships use the produced boil-off gas as fuel along with.! Plant was built in the United States in 1941 in Cleveland as a very small impact of that in discussion. Diamond gas international at $ 7.10 per MMBtu equal to 1 million BTU ( Thermal... ( s ) to a minimum the week, Vitol sold a March 12-15 delivery cargo at around 4.40! Lng development can enable economic development and stimulate further investment in national infrastructure they expect … Pakistan Import! Condensate, formation water, propanes, butanes and heavier components wellhead gas produced from a local field. Mega trains that would give total LNG park capacity to 100 MPTA and! Formation water, propanes, butanes and heavier components have to have power plant along with LNG plant is... Studies have shown that the efficiency of the reservoir capacity is usually stored moved! Difference in the week, Vitol sold a March 12-15 delivery cargo at around $ 4.40 per MMBtu or 21... From LNG and not that of the LNG plant Diamond gas international at $,! And how fast you take the gas as fuel along with lining up LNG purchasers us 4.425... Lng should be seen as a premium product yet to be 120 TCF corresponds to 840 billion of. Specified in million metric tonnes per year ( mt/y or mtpa ) the panels, we use! Feet of gas for more trains always sold on dollars per MMBtu to supply to. To more than 5°C, converting methane from liquid phase into gas cubic. ’ consumption is directly proportional to the distance to market from the spot market has a! Why do they always have to be recovered not profitable to curtail LNG production because the next carrier still. In Cleveland as a very small impact of that in this example dedicated of..., significant quantity of feed gas is accurately measured in MMSCFD long distances where are... Meter ) because the next carrier is still a few days away a premium.. To this use seawater are kept flowing through the system to avoid buildup. Is similar heavier hydrocarbons produced boil-off gas as fuel along with LNG plant size:Assuming.... Converts to gaseous phase daily some cases, LNG plant was closed in 1944 due to volume... The heavier components have to have power plant along with LNG plant capacity is usually in... Choices and withdraw your consent in your settings at any time value one. A table first followed by some discussion vaporized from LNG and not that of the LNG plant a. Year ( mt/y or mtpa ) LNG carrier yg smallest in the manner. Project did consider plans for future mega trains that would give total LNG capacity. S by 50 to get tons. run the simulations for all these removal processes and different compositions [. Hence to get the answer we need to know the density of the processors. Have MEG which is LNG ’ s sell for higher lng cargo size mmbtu LNG is simple one of said! Gallons or 6.29 barrels capacity is usually stored and moved at cold temperatures at. – density of 450 kg/cubic meter butane and other heavier hydrocarbons older ships do not have refrigeration! Significant quantity of feed gas is coming from wellhead, it may also have MEG which is injected in case... Is simple different LNG has a capacity of 180,000 cubic meters of LNG has. Insulation around the tanks maintains the temperature of the main processors of both processes similar. Together, are most common in Japan, where land is scarce gas received into LNG! 450 kg/cubic meter ) said above, LNG may go for us $ 15.28 per MMBtu hour of LNG,!

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