Tolerates wet locations, drought & salty air. Category: Medium shade tree; deciduous The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Copyright © 2020 TIDEWATER TREES. The leaflets are finely toothed. To showcase Wildfire’s new growth, avoid planting the tree among or in front of dark-colored objects or trees. Seeds are drilled at the rate of 15 per ft of row and covered with ½ - 1 inch of soil. Black Gum is a medium to large-sized native tree, frequently 60 to 80 ft tall and 3 to 4 ft in diameter. Will do well in well drained soil that is high in organic matter: Sun Exposure: Full sun: Zone: 5 to 9 Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The black walnut grows to a height of 50–75' and a spread of 50–75' at maturity. The blazing red new growth of Wildfire Tupelo lights up with two long flushes (long in length and duration!) 3. A partial list includes tomatoes, potatoes, peas, peppers, cabbage, alfalfa, serviceberry, chestnut, pine, arborvitae, apples, blueberry, blackberry, cherry, azalea, rhododendron, lilac, hydrangea, privet, members of the heath family. The fruit consists of three layers: a green, fleshy husk; a black inner shell that is hard, thick and corrugated; and the kernel, which is oily and sweet. Afterburner ® Tupelo: Zone: 5: Height: 35' Spread: 20' Shape: Upright pyramidal to oval Foliage: Bright green, glossy Fall Color: Bright red: Symmetrical, uniform branch structure and straight central leader make this cultivar both easier to grow and more beautiful in the landscape. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. Native Americans and early settlers used it for food, dyes, ink, medicine, fence posts, gun stocks and furniture. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Beds must be kept moist. This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. Growth Rate: This Black Gum tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. Conical or Rounded Shape. When grown in the open, the black walnut reaches 75' tall with a round, low branching, open crown that spreads nearly as wide as it is tall. Growth and Yield-Black tupelo can achieve heights of 36 in (120 ft) and diameters up to 122 cm (48 in) at breast height on the most favorable sites. A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. A mulch of sawdust is often used. Can be toxic to certain trees and plants--such as serviceberries, chestnuts, pines, arborvitae, apples, cherries, tomatoes, potatoes, peas, peppers, cabbages, alfalfa, blueberries, blackberries, azaleas, rhododendron, lilacs, hydrangeas, privets and plants in the heath family--if planted too close. Black tupelo leaves turn red and purple in the fall. Tree size: This slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet. While it's mostly cosmetic, it can make the tree more attractive to other pests and diseases. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Flower and fruit: Flowers are small and insignificant. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. Black walnut tree roots contain juglone, a toxic substance released when the the roots of other juglone-sensitive species come in contact with walnut roots. Black gum is susceptible to leaf spots caused by a fungus. Is prized in the woodworking world for its handsome grain. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. Mature Spread: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) has a spread of about 20' - 30' at full maturity. Soil Type: Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. The foliage of the black tupelo is a dark, forest green in summer and changes in autumn to shades of red and purple. Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy. My new variety of black tupelo tree is characterized by its central dominant leader, conical habit, dense foliage, making the tree difficult to see through when foliage is present, and fast growth rate. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. The Blackgum has moderate water requirements, and displays a moderate tolerance to salt and alkali soils. Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Brilliant Red Leaves, Even in Spring Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? Tree Characteristics. Fertilizing: You don’t need to fertilize your tree, but as it matures, you may want to increase its growth and production. var. Is self-fertile but requires wind for pollination. We have been impressed with the early returns of this new Tupelo. Diameter growth on medium sites where the tree has good stand position may reach 10 to 20 cm (4 to 5 in) in 10 years. Black Tupelo grows 40'-50' high and 20'-30' wide. The hard to crack shell encases a rich flavored nut. About Black Gum (Black Tupelo, Sourwood) A beautiful native tree with outstanding lustrous green foliage that changes for a fabulous fall display. Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. The black tupelo grows to a height of 30–50' and a spread of 20–30' at maturity. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Plant Type: Deciduous broadleaf large tree, Habit: Upright pyramidal; uniform branching, Foliage: Green leaves; bright red in fall, Requirements: Adapts to most moist soil types; full sun. However, the crushed black walnut shells can stain fingers, clothing, and concrete. Designed by Gil Carolino, Be the first to review “Nyssa sylvatica ‘Green Gable’ – Black Gum or Tupelo”. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Raised leaf spots appear on the leaves and begin to discolor and drop off. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Pruning: You can prune your tree in the winter if you like. Develops a deep taproot, making it difficult to transplant. Sun: This Black Tupelo (Black Gum) does best in full sun, partial shade. Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its fall beauty can be admired. Soil: Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. Your email address will not be published. Height: 30 - 50 feet. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu- nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir- able. Commonly exceeding 80 feet (25 meters) in height, this tree has a medium to rapid growth rate. The trees bear in 12-15 years. Residential, commercial & coastal landscapes. 'Autumn Cascades' - Specialty nurseries are beginning to produce this new, strongly weeping form that shows good fall color. Growth rate is slow to medium. Growth Rate: Moderate to fast: Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. (Partally self-fertile, plant multiple trees to ensure pollination) (zones 4-9) Alleopathy is the term given to the suppression of growth of one plant species by another due to the release of toxic substances. Required fields are marked *. Delivering reddish-pink growth in spring in rich green in summer, the Wildfire Black Gum is known for its show of color. It develops a deep taproot and is difficult to transplant. You must keep a wide separation between the black walnut tree and susceptible plants. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. Lovely native tree for any location. Use as a lawn specimen or combine in mixed tree plantings. It prefers deep, moist, well-drained soils, but is adaptable to other soils. of red a year. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. When grown in the open, the black walnut reaches 75' tall with a round, low branching, open crown that spreads nearly as wide as it is tall. If you do, add a slow-release formula around the base of the tree. biflora - Called the "Swamp Tupelo", this 50' tree is naturally found in swampy areas and is adapted to poorly drained garden situations. When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. SKU: 04505 $24.99 For each offer ordered, get 1 bareroot Names. Features pinnately compound, alternate leaves that are 12–24" in length and consist of 15–23 dark green leaflets that are 2–5" long. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. In forests and plantations, the tree may reach 150' tall with a well formed trunk and lower limbs self pruned from « to 2/3 the distance from the ground. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. Zones 4-9. Your email address will not be published. Pre-chilled seeds must be sown in spring. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. A native to the eastern United States the Black Tupelo, also known as Black Gum, grows 30 to 50 ft. tall. Bark: It has … Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. The plant tolerates competition and can exist on unfavorable sites. Nyssa sylvatica 's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat.. A selection of one of our most beautiful native shade trees: Nyssa sylvatica Wildfire. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. This native tree has been called our best friend in times of war and peace. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. View Map. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. The nuts are eaten by woodpeckers, foxes and squirrels. The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) grows to be 30' - 50' feet in height. Hardy and resilient, Black Tupelo tolerates urban soil environments quite well provided the PH is not too high. This red color holds up well in the heat - even extreme heat of 100+ temps. The black walnut's poison does not work on all species and some even seem to thrive on it. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century.. It is easy to grow with a nice oblong shape and attractive fall color. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. nearly full sunlight for optimum early growth. 4. The Black tupelo tree makes an excellent specimen tree with its outstanding summer and fall foliage and habit> It is lovely in a naturalized area. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. Tupelo lesion happens when the Fusarium solani fungus attacks, resulting in the bark swelling up and becoming rough. Landscape Characteristics: Pyramidal, near perfect silhouette. These trees have moderate growth rate and longevity and are an excellent food source for wildlife, fine honey trees, and handsome ornamentals. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. SOUR GUM, TUPELO, PEPPERIDGE, BLACK GUM, BLACK TUPELO, WATER TUPELO, BLACKGUM. Width: 20 - 30 feet. Description Black Gum or Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica ‘Green Gable’ Plant Type: Deciduous broadleaf large tree Habit: Upright pyramidal; uniform branching Mature Size: 30’-50’ tall 20’-30’ wide Growth Rate: Slow Zones: 4-8 Foliage: Green leaves; bright red in fall Requirements: Adapts to most moist soil types; full sun Landscape Characteristics: Pyramidal, near perfect silhouette. 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