Description American hophornbeam is a small deciduous understory tree growing to 18 m (59 ft) tall and 20–50 centimetres (8–20 in) trunk diameter. Easter Ironwood is usually found in upland wooded areas. Ironwood firewood is commonly used as a blanket term for several different types of dense firewood producing trees. It is the upland equivalent to hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana). Blue beech is another name for American Hornbeam, also called ironwood and musclewood. Hornbeams are hardwood trees in the flowering plant genus Carpinus in the birch family Betulaceae. Hop hornbeam is a scrub understory tree native to the Eastern United States. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. In modern times, Easter Ironwoods are used for making fence posts and for decoration, often as street trees. The tree has fruit that resembles hops and the wood has been used to make tool handles and yoke beams for oxen, hence the name hop hornbeam.I obtained a burl of hop hornbeam from the UP of Michigan. It is extremely hard; in fact it has the hardest wood of any tree in Europe. Both trees are commonly called ironwood . Pollen forms, matures, and sheds in spring through wind dissemination. Lilac Wood The wood of the lilac bush is very hard and strong. Ironwood is considered one of Illinois' toughest native hardwoods and is not only ornamental but resistant to many disease and insect problems. The bark is thin, soft, grayish brown, and broken into narrow longitudinal strips that hang loosely on the tree. In the wild, this tree provides shade for wildflowers and mosses. This wood is excellent for making bows, furniture, or anything else that you want to last forever. Leaves resemble elm but this tree is a member of the Birch family. The Eastern hop hornbeam is a small understory tree that rarely grows taller than 40 feet. The tree has light brown heartwood and thick, white sapwood. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. The hoplike inflorescence begins to break up immediately after ripening and the seeds are dispersed throughout the fall and into early winter. Leaves resemble elm but this tree is a member of the Birch family. Nearly 18 million acres or essentially 50 percent of the land area of the state are occupied by forest vegetation. American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is aka blue beach, muscle wood and ironwood. It's an excellent tree for lawns, street trees, or parks. This year was a year of tree tapping experimentation. The crown is broad and rounded or cone-shaped. The trunk is erect, often crooked, and distinct almost to the top of the tree. It is a medium sized tree with mature trees reaching heights of 10-16 m (30-52 ft) and developing a trunk 15-30 cm (6-12 in) in diameter. Musclewood comes from the muscular look of the trunk. Hornbeams, also known as ironwood and musclewood, get their common names from their strong wood, which rarely cracks or splits. In this area the wood is referred to as “Ironwood” and it is hard and heavy. It is found throughout the state of Ohio. The tree also earned the name ironwood from its tough, hard wood… Photo: N. Putnam, DCR. Young American hophornbeam trees look a great deal like sweet birch (Betula lenta). Hop-Hornbeam is native to Michigan. Its hardness is prized for tool handles or walking canes. For all sites pooled, Tsuga wood pieces comprised 35% of the wood surface area in Tsuga‐dominated stands, Betula 18%, and Acer 29%, with 18% of area made up of minor species, vs. 27%, 18%, 48% and 8%, respectively, in Acer‐dominated The bark is thin, soft, grayish brown, and broken into narrow longitudinal strips that hang loosely on the tree. Male and female flowers are in separate clusters on the same tree, which means that the plant is monoecious with imperfect flowers. Be sure to use them in naturalized areas. Once again, with practice the color is distinctive. American Hophornbeam trees (Ostrya virginiana) are good medium-sized trees (30 feet) to plant as a shade tree. long (12 cm), turns a lovely yellow in the fall. A hard nut is inside each pod. Its wood is very durable and used for making a variety of modern tools. The trunk is up to 2' across. The American hop hornbeam is often confused with the American hornbeam. Other Resources: USDA Both are understory trees and can grow in shade to partial-shade, share a similar leaf shape, are known for having very hard wood, distinctive bark, showy catkins, and yellow-to … Building A Firewood Shed Generally speaking an average tree would be about 4" - 6" in diameter and a very large tree would be around 8" - 10" in diameter and they grow to a maximum height of 40 feet. As nouns the difference between ironwood and hornbeam is that ironwood is (countable) any of a number of tree species known for having a particularly solid wood while hornbeam is a tree of the genus carpinus , having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard, common along the banks of streams in the united states. The American hop hornbeam tree has very hard and dense wood. Splitting it was quite an ordeal; ouch! Firewood Types: Hornbeam, Carpinus Betulus, is less common as a type of firewood in the UK, because it was not usually deliberately cultivated in traditional woodlands.. “Hop” refers to the tree’s fruit which resembles hops (think beer). Hornbeam timber is a pale, creamy white with a flecked grain. References: http://minnesotaseasons.com/Plants/ironwood.html. Ironwood is a synonym of hornbeam. The wood of this tree is strong and hard. The estimated DBH is 0.1414 m based on calculations given by Hari. Ostrya virginiana, or Hop Hornbeam, is a small and slender deciduous tree with a generally rounded top that may grow 20 to 35 feet tall and 7 to 10 inches in diameter, although some specimens can reach 50 feet with a trunk diameter of 2 feet. Saw that you mentioned hop hornbeam wouldn’t make a good archery bow. American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana has smooth grey bark which is often rippled like muscle, causing it to be called muscle-wood in some areas. The top side are yellow-green and hairless, and the bottom side is the same color but soft and hairy to the touch. Typically grows 25-40' tall with a slightly smaller spread. Privacy policy. The wood of this tree is strong and hard. Sometimes (especially formerly) called Leverwood, from the hardness and strength of the wood. The Easter Ironwood is a hardwood tree in the family Betulaceae. The fruits of the Eastern Ironwood are small, flattened nuts, which are clustered inside egg-shaped papery sacs that resemble hops (indeed, another common name for the tree is the hop-hornbeam). In picture 1424 is the American Hophornbeam that I stacked yesterday, in picture 1425 I finished the stack today. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Long-lived (150 years), Ostrya virginiana (American Hop Hornbeam) is a slow-growing, small to medium-sized deciduous tree of pyramidal habit in youth, developing an oval to rounded crown over time. Eastern hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) is aka ironwood. The fruit is a nutlet that resembles a hop like fruit from hop vine. It is difficult to reestablish after transplanting. The bark of hop hornbeam is thin, reddish gray, with tight, narrow, platelike scales; some trees have loose, shreddy scales. Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) has winter leaves that tend to curl. In picture 1426, I'm getting set to split the rounds I moved out of our shoulder season stacking area (picture 1429) the rest of the pictures are from moving the rounds and the splitting I … This wood is excellent for making bows, furniture, or anything else that you want to last forever. Planting, care and pruning, here is all our advice: The Eastern Ironwood, known also as the American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood, or Leverwood, stretches over much of the Eastern United States with its attractive foliage and bell-like inflorescences. Location of Ostrya virginiana (Ironwood) at the Arboretum Noteworthy Characteristics. I have some on my own place, but very few trees, so I hate to cut those. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America.It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. On mature trees, the bark of the trunk is rough-textured and greyish brown, dividing into narrow rectangular strips; this provides the trunk with a slightly shaggy appearance. The Eastern Ironwood, known also as the American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood, or Leverwood, stretches over much of the Eastern United States with its attractive foliage and bell-like inflorescences. Discussion in 'The Wood Pile' started by Wrad, Mar 7, 2019. It is smaller than many other trees and usually does not reach the canopy. Photo courtesy of Minnesota Seasons (http://minnesotaseasons.com/Plants/ironwood.html). Male inflorescences are dense, drooping, 2-5 cm long catkins in groups of 2 or 3 at the ends of the twigs. Tree; Above ground, woody, perennial; Can grow to be 50 ft tall, more commonly stays between 30 ft- 40 ft; Page 1 of 2 1 2 Next > Wrad. Be sure to come in the summer to admire its attractive yellow-green color and festive white flowers. It is co… The bark is brown to gray-brown, with narrow shaggy plates flaking off, while younger twigs and branches are smoother and gray, with small lenticels. In the winter they are short, stiff, and erect. The wood of hop hornbeam is hard and durable. American hophornbeam was introduced into the landscape in 1690. Logs will last a long time but they are difficult to split. . The tree has light brown heartwood and thick, white sapwood. The European hop-hornbeam (Ostrya carpinifolia) and the Japanese hop-hornbeam (O. japonica) may reach 21 m (70 feet); the other species are much smaller. Seeds are light, about 66,000 cleaned seeds per kg. Nowadays, it’s mainly used for furniture, flooring and wood turning, but traditionally the wood was made into ox yokes which were used to join a … Hornbeam's bark is so tight and if you try to steam it to easier debark immediatly after that- wood cracks alot. This hard dense wood also makes high quality charcoal. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. Reply; Nina Jillaine February 23, 2018, 4:40 am. Interestingly, its extremely high density and resistance to compression makes an excellent material for the construction of wooden longbows, which were an important weapon historically. Not sure about that exact species but I have worked with quite a bit of Eastern Hop Hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) here in Minnesota and they look to be closely related. Eastern Hop Hornbeam is also called ironwood. An Equal Opportunity University. Hardiness zone 4. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. On adult and mature trees, the bark is grayish-brown colored and is broken into short, thin, vertical strips that are free at both closures. The leaves of Ostrya virginiana are simple, alternate and doubly-toothed. In the southeast, flowering occurs in the first two weeks of April, and in the north, between mid-May and mid-June (so unfortunately, we were not able to capture it in person). Top Hophornbeam facts. The buds and nuts are eaten by a wide variety of … N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. The Ironwood (American Hophornbeam) is a native, smaller tree many times found as an understory plant. The tree has fruit that resembles hops and the wood has been used to make tool handles and yoke beams for oxen, hence the name hop hornbeam.I obtained a burl of hop hornbeam from the UP of Michigan. Though they can grow to 2.5 feet in diameter and as much as 50 feet tall, hornbeam seldom reach more than 30 feet, and it’s rare to find a tree over a foot in diameter. Hornbeam (genus Carpinus) is relatively small hardwood trees.1 1 Wandlore 2 Hornbeam wand owners 3 Behind the scenes 4 Appearances 5 Notes and references Hornbeam selects for its life mate the talented witch or wizard with a single, pure passion, which some might call obsession - more kindly - vision, which will almost always be realised. Despite their hard wood, hop hornbeams are rarely used as timber trees. Reference: https://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/ostrya/virginiana.htm. This small, short-lived tree is common in the understorey of rich, moist woods. References: http://minnesotaseasons.com/Plants/ironwood.html. Also hop hornbeam is easier to debark than hornebam because it's smoother under bark. The leaves of Ostrya virginiana are simple, alternate and doubly-toothed. Color/Appearance: Hornbeam’s sapwood is very thick, with most boards and lumber being comprised entirely of sapwood. Biota of North America Program (BONAP). Notes:The name hop-hornbeam comes from the fact that the clusters of flowers and fruit resemble the hops used to make beer. Female inflorescences are in loose, elongated clusters at the ends of new shoots, with the eventual fruits contained inside papery sacs. Hickory - Hop Hornbeam Forest/Woodland site with exotic removal. HOP HORNBEAM (Ostrya virginiana) Medicine: Chippewa used the wood at the heart of the branch in making a cough syrup, and in a medicine for kidney disorders. Longbows led in one famous case to the triumph of the severely out-numbered British army over the French at Agincourt, which was immortalized in the St. Crispin’s Day speech in Shakespeare’s King Henry V. It is probable that a relative of the Easter Ironwood was used to make those bows. It can also be grown in containers or root-control bags. The "hornbeam" part of the common name, hop hornbeam, also comes from its strength-under-pressure qualities. It is found across the whole of the UK, and we have a few stools of it in our own coppice woodland.It is slower growing than the chestnut and, as the name "Ironwood" suggests, is nearly impossible to work with hand tools. Hop Hornbeam Ostrya virginiana Hazelnut family (Corylaceae) Description: This medium-small tree is up to 50' tall; it has a finely branched rounded crown. HOP HORNBEAM (Ostrya virginiana) Medicine: Chippewa used the wood at the heart of the branch in making a cough syrup, and in a medicine for kidney disorders. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. In the Old World, a hornbeam was … Saw that you mentioned hop hornbeam wouldn’t make a good archery bow. Maybe that's why technical info is hard to come by. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Solitary pistillate inflorescences first appear with the beginning of leaf development, and full bloom occurs about a month later. The fruits develop during the summer and are ripe by the end of August in the midwest and as late as October in the south. Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) General Description Also known as American Hop-hornbeam. Excellent tree for naturalized landscapes. The fruits of the Eastern Ironwood are small, flattened nuts, which are clustered inside egg-shaped papery sacs that resemble hops (indeed, another common name for the tree is the hop-hornbeam). Name – Ostrya carpinifolia Family – Betulaceae Type – tree Height – 32 to 65 feet (10 to 20 meters) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary Foliage – deciduous Flowering – April-May. Introduction: American hophornbeam is a small understory tree of well-drained, deciduous forests that thrives on neglect. Typical habitats include mesic to dry deciduous woodlands, woodland edges, limestone glades, rocky wooded slopes, edges of cliffs, edges of wooded bluffs, and abandoned fields. The bark of mature Ostrya trees tends to split into narrow vertical strips and becomes somewhat flaky and the appearance is very distinctive. Hop-Hornbeam is native to Michigan. American hophornbeam should be transplanted balled- and-burlapped or from a container in early spring. Reply; Nina Jillaine February 23, 2018, 4:40 am. This site was last updated on December 18, 2020. 2013. that shall live this day, and see old age. The hornbeam tree info in this article will help you decide whether the tree is right for you, and tell you how to care for it. A lovely shade tree suitable for most settings, American hornbeams are compact trees that fit the scale of the average home landscape perfectly. Maybe it is one more of the reasons for rare hornbeam bows. Leaves and Buds Joined: Feb 16, 2018 Messages: 1 Likes Received: 15 Location: TN. The American hop hornbeam tree has very hard and dense wood. From shop BirchBarkBarrette. They make lovely shade trees and their seedpods are of horticultural interest, but some foresters consider the tree a “weed tree.” Issues: Hop horbeam does not have any major pests associated with it. The foliage of birch-like, elliptical or ovate, finely serrated, medium green leaves, 5 in. The eastern, or American, hop-hornbeam (O. virginiana) is known as ironwood for its hard, heavy wood, used locally for fence posts and small articles such as tool handles. Blue-beech or Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is similar to Hop-hornbeam … The Primitave Archer website says it’s #2 with osage-orange being #1. Hickory - Hop Hornbeam Forests/ Woodlands are open communiies dominated by various hickory species with signiicant hop hornbeam in the subcanopy; This community is characterized by a sparse shrub layer, and a nearly coninuous cover of grasses and sedges; Here’s what the fruit looks like: A closely related tree, the blue beech (Carpinus caroliniana), also carries the hornbeam and ironwood names. Blue beech’s official name is American hornbeam without the “hop.” Hop Hornbeam Wood Hop hornbeam, locally called ironwood, is a small tree, hard and tough. American hophornbeam was introduced into the landscape in 1690. Its wood is very hard and is sometimes used to make tool handles. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, American Hophornbeam - Ostrya virginianaBirch Family (Betulaceae). Hop hornbeam gets its name from its fruits, which are enclosed in scales that loosely resemble the hops used in making beer (Humulus lupulus). It is used for fence posts, fuel, and tool handles. The fruit looks somewhat like the fruit of Hops (Humulus lupulus), hence the common name \"hop-hornbeam\". Both are understory trees and can grow in shade to partial-shade, share a similar leaf shape, are known for having very hard wood, distinctive bark, showy catkins, and yellow-to … The Eastern hop hornbeam gets its scientific name Ostrya from a Greek word meaning “bone” since the wood of this tree is very hard and heavy. The U.S. national champion is located near Grand Traverse, Mich., and is 74 feet tall with a 3-foot trunk. The name is instead given for the wood’s … Ironwood is a tough understory tree with beautiful birch-like leaves, grayish-brown flaky bark, fine-textured drooping branches, and attractive hop-like fruits. The tree has 3 trunks, arising from the main trunk at 17.5 cm, probably after coppicing. This tree has three trunks that diverge at 17.5 cm, probably as a result of coppicing (the periodic cutting back of a tree or shrub to ground level in order to stimulate growth. Have I identified this tree correctly? Plant growth form. Maybe it is one more of the reasons for rare hornbeam bows. “Horn beam” means hard wood. It makes good tool handles and if I get hold of some I use it for wooden spoons, but it is not very plentiful. Each tree has at some time been called by the common name of the other. It is indeed a very hard, heavy and stiff wood. They are stringy, fibrous and are very easy to rub off. Photo courtesy of Karren Wcisel (http://www.treetopics.com/ostrya_virginiana/index.htm). The largest tree in North Dakota is 33 feet tall with a canopy spread of 34 feet. The nuts are enclosed in inflated sacs that provides buoyancy and improved dispersal by the wind. The U.S. national champion is located near Grand Traverse, Mich., and is 74 feet tall with a … They are very slow growing, but once re-established, will make excellent growth. The mature growth of this tree is around 25' tall x 25' wide. Also known as American Hop-hornbeam. The veins extend outward from a central vein and are straight and parallel, while the sides are sharply toothed. The strips can be seen to spiral around the trunk. Although American hophornbeam's fall color is not sensational, it helps to "soften" the autumn landscape. It is one of several tree species called ironwood because their wood is so hard. The combination of trunk and bark should separate this tree from the American Hornbeam, with which it has shared an unusual history of confusion in common names. The Primitave Archer website says it’s #2 with osage-orange being #1. Birds provide a secondary means of seed dispersal after wind. The fruits on the tree are contained inside hop-like capsules similar in color and appearance to the hop plant which gives this tree its unique name. To foresters, they’re considered a “weed tree” that outcompetes more profitable tree species. American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana has smooth grey bark which is often rippled like muscle, causing it to be called muscle-wood in some areas. All of these make excellent hot ans long burning firewood. Fruit are drooping clusters at the tip of branches that look like hops, hence the common name hop hornbeam Each small inflated sac has a hard nutlet inside; fruit changes from green cream to tan. Each tree has at some time been called by the common name of the other. A small, slow- growing tree, found in pockets along rivers in eastern North Dakota. The fruit looks somewhat like the fruit of Hops (Humulus lupulus), hence the common name "hop-hornbeam".The name Ironwood refers to the great strength of the wood which was highly prized for tool handles etc. Wood pieces covered 6.2% of the forest floor at Porcupine and 4.4% at both Sylvania and Huron. Wood makes great firewood with high energy value. European hophornbeam is a beautiful ornamental tree that can reach quite an impressive size when fully mature. The trees are rather small with a 10” trunk being good sized, so lumber is smaller pieces. Color is nearly white. It is frequently called iron wood but that name is shared by other species. Fruit change from green to tan when they mature. The Eastern Ironwood has simple, deciduous leaves that are elliptical with a heart-shaped taper at the tip, 5-12 cm long, and 2-5 cm wide. Hornbeam's bark is so tight and if you try to steam it to easier debark immediatly after that- wood cracks alot. These native American shade trees grow from Canada to Florida (zone 3 -9) as a very cold hardy tree and are also called: Eastern Ironwood trees, because hophornbeam has such a dense, strong wood that is excellent to use in tool handles and fence posts. Be sure to come in the summer to admire its attractive yellow-green color and festive white flowers. It is frequently called iron wood but that name is shared by other species. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America.It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. The Eastern Ironwood is monoecious; I to 3 staminate infloresecences develop at the end of branches late in the summer that precede pistillate flower development. The tree's tap root can be cut in the nursery to give it a root structure to better fit a specific location. It makes good tool handles and if I get hold of some I use it for wooden spoons, but it is not very plentiful. Also hop hornbeam is easier to debark than hornebam because it's smoother under bark. I learned that there are literally dozens of tree species that can be tapped for syrup besides maples, and this year we decided to give it a shot.Our land is covered in far more ironwood trees than maples, and so we had plenty of choices. White bracelet, Hornbeam Wood, Light Bracelet, Wooden Bracelet, Handmade Bracelet, Boho Style, Woodpecker, Gift for Her, Gift for Girl BirchBarkBarrette. Often the wood has specialty uses though. There are too many multiple trunks to accurately measure the DBH, so this is just an estimate, The bark on youthful trees is smooth, hard, chestnut brown colored, rapidly getting to be gray and rough (as seen in the picture). Hop hornbeam? They are not often distinguished in technical documents and often erroneously interchanged. Pale yellowish brown heartwood isn’t clearly demarcated from sapwood. The name Ironwood refers to the great strength of the wood which was highly prized for tool handles etc. Hop Hornbeam Wood Hop hornbeam, locally called ironwood, is a small tree, hard and tough. Hop hornbeam, Ostrya virginiana, has light brown shreddy bark and gets the hop hornbeam name from the cluster of overlapping seed pods which resemble a cone of fruits on a hop vine. Forests are an important feature of the Michigan landscape. Hop hornbeam, Ostrya virginiana, has light brown shreddy bark and gets the hop hornbeam name from the cluster of overlapping seed pods which resemble a cone of fruits on a hop vine. Color is nearly white. Depending on where you live Blue Beech, American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hophornbeam and even Musclewood (due to its twisted trunk and resemblance to a muscle) are names given to describe "Ironwood" which makes identifying the tree somewhat confusing. Both trees are commonly called ironwood . References: http://minnesotaseasons.com/Plants/ironwood.html, The branches of the Eastern Ironwood are long, slender, and spreading, while the twigs are slender, reddish brown, hairy, and they zigzag outward from the tree. Lilac Wood The wood of the lilac bush is very hard and strong. In the fall, the leaves change color to a dark yellow and often stay on the tree until winter. Hop hornbeam wood is very heavy and dense, hence a common name ironwood, but the trees are otherwise not used for timber. , about 66,000 cleaned seeds per kg usually found in pockets along rivers in North... Jillaine February 23, 2018, 4:40 am 10 ” trunk being good sized so! Female flowers are in separate clusters on the map or from the main at... Of those sites ( http: //minnesotaseasons.com/Plants/ironwood.html ) documents and often erroneously interchanged and thick, sapwood. About a month later very heavy and dense, drooping, 2-5 cm long own place but... Usually does not reach the canopy but very few trees, or parks for! The estimated DBH is 0.1414 m based on calculations given by Hari not often distinguished in technical documents and stay. The canopy often confused with the beginning of leaf development, and the bottom side is the American,! For making a variety of modern tools eastern hophornbeam ( Ostrya virginiana ) good! Wood but that name is shared by other species day, and broken into vertical! By Hari that- wood cracks alot hop hornbeam wood this tree is strong and hard s sapwood very... And durable, about 66,000 cleaned seeds per kg 's an excellent tree for lawns street... And tool handles etc growth of this tree is strong and hard that fit the scale of the wood the. Of Illinois ' toughest native hardwoods and is not sensational, it helps ``. 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